Mountain Region Tick Information
Learn more about ticks commonly found in: MONTANA – WYOMING – IDAHO – NEVADA – UTAH – COLORADO – ARIZONA –NEW MEXICO
Hiking in Colorado’s Estes Park in September, playing in the fresh, fallen snow of Jackson Hole, Wyoming, or hiking the Nambe Trail in Santa Fe, just some of the memorable adventures we can have in the Mountain region with our furry best friends.
These adventures make life-long memories for us - and our pets. Keeping them safe from ticks and tick-borne diseases is crucial to creating more of these exciting, outdoor experiences. You have approximately twenty-four to thirty-six hours to remove a tick before tick-borne disease transmission can occur. Education and removal are vital! The revolutionary patented TickZapper® can remove a tick – on the spot – without the risk of human contact. Lightweight (1 oz.), so you can easily slip it into your pocket or backpack as you start out on your new adventure! Looking for more information about ticks and tick-borne diseases in the Mountain area? Read on to learn more or buy a TickZapper®today.
REGIONAL TICK INFORMATION
Education and timely removal are key in preventing tick-borne disease transmission. Read on to learn more about the types of ticks commonly found in the Mountain region of the United States.
Rocky Mountain Wood Tick (Dermacentor andersoni): Classified as a ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), the bite of an adult female may excrete a neurotoxin that causes temporary paralysis in both humans and pets (see below). The Rocky Mountain Wood tick is commonly found in Rocky Mountain States and the Western States (Washington, Oregon, Northern California, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, northern Arizona, northern New Mexico and southwestern Canada from elevations of 4,000 to 10,500 feet. These ticks are typically found in shrubs, lightly wooded areas, grassland, brushy areas, and along commonly travelled paths such walking or hiking trails. Larvae and nymphs feed on small rodents; adults feed on larger mammals. The highest activity periods are spring and summer.
Tick-borne diseases related to the Rocky Mountain Wood Tick include Colorado tick fever virus (transmitted to humans), Rickettsia (transmitted to dogs, cats, humans), Rocky Mountain spotted fever (transmitted to humans, cats, and dogs), and Tularemia. Note: Saliva excreted by the Mountain wood tick contains a neurotoxin that may cause paralysis in pets and humans, which typically wears off within seventy-two hours of tick removal. Learn more here.
American Dog Tick (aka Wood Tick) (Dermacentor variabilis): Classified as a ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), the American Dog Tick is commonly found east of the Rocky Mountains. This area begins at the eastern borders of Montana and Wyoming, and spans the remainder of the entire United States, to the eastern coast. Also included is the western coast of California. They may also be found in parts of Canada and Mexico. This tick prefers overgrown areas that include tall grass, wetlands, waste fields, low lying brush, trails such as walking and hiking paths, and wooded areas. Larvae and nymphs prefer to feed on small rodents such as mice and squirrels; adults feed on larger mammals such as dogs, cattle, and deer. The activity period is April through September.
Tick-borne diseases related to the American Dog Tick include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Tularemia.
Western Black Legged Tick (Ixodes pacificus): Although classified as a ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), it is typically the nymphs and adult females that are most likely to bite. The Western Black Legged tick is commonly found in the western areas of Washington, Oregon, California, the Mountain/Plain states, as well as parts of Mexico and Canada. As of 2018, the CDC reports that these ticks have also been discovered in Utah, Nevada, and Arizona. Learn more here. These ticks are typically found on the underside of low-lying shrubs and brush, in areas between forests and open grass, along hiking trails and even in well-groomed parks. Larvae feed on birds, mice, or rodents; nymphs, like adults, will seek larger hosts such as deer, dogs, cats, and humans. Activity typically starts after Thanksgiving, with the peak activity occurring in May and June.
Tick-borne diseases related to the Western Black Legged Tick include Anaplasmosis and Lyme disease.
Brown Dog Tick – aka Kennel Tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus): A ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), the Brown Dog tick is commonly found throughout the United States. In fact, it is actually classified as one of the most widely distributed ticks in the U.S., and, as an ‘exclusive’ parasite to dogs. Learn more here. These ticks are not home-friendly. They can be found in baseboards, under windows, door frames, furniture, as well as carpeting and walls. Infestation can occur rapidly, so timely, professional action is a necessity. The primary host choice for feeding are domestic dogs. These ticks are active all year long.
Tick-borne diseases related to the Brown Dog Tick include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, canine Ehrlichiosis, and canine Babesiosis. The Brown Dog tick does not transmit Lyme disease. Did you know….they can also infest your home? Learn more here.
Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma americanum) Classified as a ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), the Lone Star Tick is not only found in the Plains, it is also found in the southeastern U.S., as well as the eastern U.S. This tick can be found in dense as well as wooded areas, including hedges, and areas near water. They may also be found in forests, meadows, and fields. Larvae and nymphs prefer to feed on small mammals and birds; adults feed on larger mammals such as dogs, cattle, deer, goats, sheep, etc. The primary active period is May through August.
Tick-borne diseases related to the Lone Star Tick include Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, and tularemia.
Immediate tick removal is crucial to prevention of tick-borne disease transfer. You generally have approximately twenty-four to thirty-six hours to remove a tick before most blood feeding occurs. Be prepared for immediate and safe tick removal – on the spot – without the risk of human contact! Buy a TickZapper® today and slip your lightweight (1 oz.) into your pocket, purse or backpack on the way out the door!