Ticks in the Southeast
Learn more about ticks commonly found in: Tennessee –- Mississippi – Alabama – Georgia - North Carolina – South Carolina - Florida
Whether you are exploring 250 acres of landscaped grounds at North Carolina’s Biltmore Estate, enjoying a leisurely river raft ride down Tennessee’s Smokey Mountain River, or simply spending a sunny day at Florida’s (off-leash!) Jupiter Beach, outdoor adventures with our furry friends create the very best memories! Fun may be the goal, but safety comes first. The outdoors are a haven for fun – and for ticks. It is for this reason that we must prepare for outdoor adventures to ensure the very best experience for our pets – and ourselves. You have approximately twenty-four to thirty-six hours to remove a tick before tick-borne disease transmission may occur. Education and immediate tick removal are key. Learn about the current tick activity in your intended destination spot, and, have a quick, easy, and safe on-the-spot tick removal tool on hand. TickZapper® can handle all of your tick removal needs, without the risk of human contact. Lightweight (1 oz.) and self-energizing means it is battery free, always ready, and fits easily into your pocket or beach bag as you head out on your next adventure! Looking for more information about ticks and tick-borne diseases in the Southeastern area? Read on to learn more.
Southeast Regional Tick Information
Education and timely removal are key in preventing tick-borne disease transmission in the Southeast United States. Read on to learn more.
Black Legged Tick (aka Deer Tick) (I. scapularis): Classified as a ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), the deer tick requires one vertebrate blood meal for development. They are commonly found in New England, mid-Atlantic, Midwestern, and southeastern states. These ticks are typically found where white-tailed deer, black bears, raccoons, skunks, squirrels, fox, the white-footed mouse, chipmunks, and similar animals roam, including brushy, tall grass areas. Larvae and nymphs feed primarily on small mammals, including the white-footed mouse. Adults feed on larger mammals including the popular carrier the white-tailed deer. Larvae will appear in May; adult ticks become active in October and remain active through the winter months proving the ground is not frozen.
Tick-borne diseases related to the Deer Tick include Lyme disease, Human Babesiosis, Babesia microti (human Ehrlichiosis), and tick-borne encephalitis.
American Dog Tick (aka Wood Tick) (Dermacentor variabilis): Classified as a ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), the American Dog Tick is commonly found east of the Rocky Mountains. This area begins at the eastern borders of Montana and Wyoming, and spans the remainder of the entire United States, to the eastern coast. Also included is the western coast of California. They may also be found in parts of Canada and Mexico. This tick prefers overgrown areas that include tall grass, wetlands, waste fields, low lying brush, trails such as walking and hiking paths, and wooded areas. Larvae and nymphs prefer to feed on small rodents such as mice and squirrels; adults feed on larger mammals such as dogs, cattle, and deer. The activity period is April through September.
Tick-borne diseases related to the American Dog Tick include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Tularemia.
Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma americanum) Classified as a ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed), the Lone Star Tick is commonly found in the southeastern U.S., the eastern U.S. and in parts of the Plains. This tick can be found in dense as well as wooded areas, including hedges, and areas near water. They may also be found in forests, meadows, and fields.
Larvae and nymphs prefer to feed on small mammals and birds; adults feed on larger mammals such as dogs, cattle, deer, goats, sheep, etc. The primary active period is May through August.
Tick-borne diseases related to the Lone Star Tick include Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, and tularemia.
Gulf Coast Tick (Amblyomma maculatum): A ‘‘three-host tick” (larvae, nymphs and adults can feed). Historically located in the southeastern states of the U.S., the Gulf Coast tick has also been reported throughout North and South America, as well as the Caribbean. Learn more here.
They can be found in brushy areas, grassland prairies, edges of wooded areas including hiking or walking paths, in additional to areas where wildlife roam. Larvae and nymphs hosts of choice are various birds and small mammals. Adult ticks prefer large, wild and domestic mammals, including white-tailed deer, cattle, horses, pigs, sheep, coyotes, dogs, cats, among other animals. Some are active in spring, peaking in September. Yet some populations in Oklahoma and Kansas are active into the winter months, peaking in April.
Tick-borne diseases related to the Gulf Coast Tick include Rocky Mountain Fever, Canine Hepatozoonosis, Leptospirosis, Ehrlichia, and Tick Paralysis.
Immediate tick removal is crucial to prevention of tick-borne disease transfer. You generally have approximately twenty-four to thirty-six hours to remove a tick before most blood feeding occurs. Be prepared for immediate and safe tick removal – on the spot – without the risk of human contact! Slip your lightweight (1 oz.) TickZapper® into your pocket, purse or backpack on the way out the door!